Areas of Influence: Epona was the Celtic Horse Goddess whose worship spread to Britain and Rome from Western Europe.
The Roman cavalry had shrines dedicated to her. In fact she was so popular that a temple dedicated to her in Rome. A Roman Festival to honor her was celebrated on 18th December. Her name means "Divine mare" in Gaulish.
The mare was an ancient symbol of fertility, this has lead to suggestions that she was an early Mother Goddess figure, whose role was later reduced to protector of horses.
Her cornucopia and the basket of fruit she carried provide further support for her role as a fertility Goddess.
This Goddess is often liked to both Rhiannon in Wales and Macha in Ireland due to their shared association with Horses.
She is also linked to birds and dogs.
There are no surviving Gaullish myths dedicated to this Goddess.
She was the bestower of sovereignty in Celtic kingship rites.
The Celtic horse Goddess has been linked to the White Horse at Uffington and Lady Godiva.
Origins and Genealogy: There are no accounts of her parentage or suggestions that she married and had children.
Weaknesses: As the information about this Goddess comes mainly from archeological finds there is little information on this Goddess’s personality.
She is depicted as a young Goddess, either sitting side saddle on a horse or feeding mares and foals food from a cornucopia or fruit basket. There are also several images showing her riding a horse and cart.
Sacred Animals: Horses, mules, donkeys, dogs and birds.
Sacred Plants: Garlands of roses were used to decorate her shrines.
I have not assigned a specific Archetype to this Goddess as she has no distinct personality.
She could be seen as a Child of Nature due to her link with horses and dogs. I dismissed this option however as this Archetype conjures up images of wild animals rather than domesticated ones.